Irregular verbs: be, have, do, can | English verb conjugator

Verb Conjugate
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List of irregular verbs



Past Participle

abide abided/abode abided/abode
arise arose arisen
awake awoke/awaked awoken/awaked
be was, were been
bear bore borne
beat beat beaten
become became become
beget begot/begat begotten
begin began begun
bend bent bent
beseech besought/beseeched besought/beseeched
bet bet/betted bet/betted
bid bade/bid bidden/bid
bind bound bound
bite bit bitten
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
build built built
burn burned/burnt (Brit) burned/burnt (Brit)
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
can could -
cast cast cast
catch caught caught
chide chided/chid chided/chidden
choose chose chosen
cleave (fendre) cleft/clove cleft/cloven
cleave (s’attacher) cleaved cleaved
cling clung clung
come came come
cost cost/costed cost/costed
creep crept crept
cut cut cut
dare dared/durst (arch.) dared
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
dive dived/dove (US) dived
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
dwell dwelt/dwelled dwelt/dwelled
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
flee fled fled
fling flung flung
fly flew flown
forbid forbad(e) forbidden
forget forgot forgotten
forsake forsook forsaken
freeze froze frozen
get got got/gotten (US)
gild gilded gilded/gilt
gird girded/girt girded/girt
give gave given
go went gone
grind ground ground
grow grew grown
hang hung/hanged (Jur) hung/hanged (Jur)
have had had
hear heard heard
heave heaved/hove (Naut) heaved/hove (Naut)
hew hewed hewn/hewed (US)
hide hid hidden/hid
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
kneel knelt/kneeled knelt/kneeled
know knew known
lade laded laden
lay laid laid
lead led led
lean leaned/leant leaned/leant
leap leaped/leapt leaped/leapt
learn learned/learnt learned/learnt
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie (s’allonger) lay lain
lie (mentir) lied lied
light lit/lighted lit/lighted
lose lost lost
make made made
may might -
mean meant meant
meet met met
mow mowed mowed/mown
pay paid paid
put put put
quit quit/quitted quit/quitted
read read read
rend rent rent
rid rid/ridded rid/ridded
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
saw sawed sawed/sawn
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
sew sewed sewed/sewn
shake shook shaken
shave shaved shaved/shaven
shear sheared sheared/shorn
shed shed shed
shine (briller) shone shone
shine (faire briller) shone/shined shone/shined
shoe shod/shoed shod/shoed
shoot shot shot
show showed shown/showed
shrink shrank shrunk
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
sit sat sat
slay slew slain
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
sling slung slung
slink slunk slunk
slit slit/slitted slit/slitted
smell smelled/smelt smelled/smelt
smite smote smitten
sow sowed sowed/sown
speak spoke spoken
speed sped/speeded sped/speeded
spell spelt/spelled spelt/spelled
spend spent spent
spill spilt/spilled spilt/spilled
spin spun/span spun
spit (cracher) spat spat
spit (embrocher) spitted spitted
split split split
spoil spoiled/spoilt spoiled/spoilt
spread spread spread
spring sprang sprung
stand stood stood
stave stove/staved stove/staved
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
stink stank stunk
strew strewed strewed/strewn
stride strode stridden
strike struck struck/stricken (rare)
string strung strung
strive strove striven
swear swore sworn
sweep swept swept
swell swelled swollen/swelled
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
thrive throve/thrived thriven/thrived
throw threw thrown
thrust thrust thrust
tread trod trodden
wake woke/waked woken/waked
wear wore worn
weave wove/weaved woven/weaved
weep wept wept
win won won
wind winded/wound winded/wound
wring wrung wrung
write wrote written
regular verbs / irregular verbs
English verbs are either regular or irregular.
Most of them are regular and are conjugated according to regular models :
  • The infinitive and present : play, apply, climb

    We play piano
    I apply for a job

  • Present for the third person (adding “-s” or transforming “-y” into “-ies”): plays, applies, climbs

    He plays piano
    My sister likes him

  • The preterite or simple past (adding “-ed” or changing “-y” into “-ied”): played, applied, climbed

    We played piano
    I climbed the mountain

  • The present participle / gerund (adding ”-ing”) : playing, applying, climbing

    We are playing piano
    He is applying for a job

Irregular verbs have specific forms in the preterite and past participle. See the list opposite.