Irregular verbs: be, have, do, can | English verb conjugator

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Verb Conjugate
             à  â  á  æ  ß  ç  é  ê  è  ë  î  ï  í  ñ  ô  ö  œ ü  û  ú   ù
List of irregular verbs
Infinitive
Preterite
Past Participle
Preterite abided/abode
Past Participle abided/abode
Preterite arose
Past Participle arisen
Preterite awoke/awaked
Past Participle awoken/awaked
be
Preterite was, were
Past Participle been
Preterite bore
Past Participle borne
Preterite beat
Past Participle beaten
Preterite became
Past Participle become
Preterite begot/begat
Past Participle begotten
Preterite began
Past Participle begun
Preterite bent
Past Participle bent
Preterite besought/beseeched
Past Participle besought/beseeched
bet
Preterite bet/betted
Past Participle bet/betted
bid
Preterite bade/bid
Past Participle bidden/bid
Preterite bound
Past Participle bound
Preterite bit
Past Participle bitten
Preterite bled
Past Participle bled
Preterite blew
Past Participle blown
Preterite broke
Past Participle broken
Preterite bred
Past Participle bred
Preterite brought
Past Participle brought
Preterite built
Past Participle built
Preterite burned/burnt (Brit)
Past Participle burned/burnt (Brit)
Preterite burst
Past Participle burst
buy
Preterite bought
Past Participle bought
can
Preterite could
Past Participle -
Preterite cast
Past Participle cast
Preterite caught
Past Participle caught
Preterite chided/chid
Past Participle chided/chidden
Preterite chose
Past Participle chosen
Preterite cleft/clove
Past Participle cleft/cloven
Preterite cleaved
Past Participle cleaved
Preterite clung
Past Participle clung
Preterite came
Past Participle come
Preterite cost/costed
Past Participle cost/costed
Preterite crept
Past Participle crept
cut
Preterite cut
Past Participle cut
Preterite dared/durst (arch.)
Past Participle dared
Preterite dealt
Past Participle dealt
dig
Preterite dug
Past Participle dug
Preterite dived/dove (US)
Past Participle dived
do
Preterite did
Past Participle done
Preterite drew
Past Participle drawn
Preterite dreamed/dreamt
Past Participle dreamed/dreamt
Preterite drank
Past Participle drunk
Preterite drove
Past Participle driven
Preterite dwelt/dwelled
Past Participle dwelt/dwelled
eat
Preterite ate
Past Participle eaten
Preterite fell
Past Participle fallen
Preterite fed
Past Participle fed
Preterite felt
Past Participle felt
Preterite fought
Past Participle fought
Preterite found
Past Participle found
Preterite fled
Past Participle fled
Preterite flung
Past Participle flung
fly
Preterite flew
Past Participle flown
Preterite forbad(e)
Past Participle forbidden
Preterite forgot
Past Participle forgotten
Preterite forsook
Past Participle forsaken
Preterite froze
Past Participle frozen
get
Preterite got
Past Participle got/gotten (US)
Preterite gilded
Past Participle gilded/gilt
Preterite girded/girt
Past Participle girded/girt
Preterite gave
Past Participle given
go
Preterite went
Past Participle gone
Preterite ground
Past Participle ground
Preterite grew
Past Participle grown
Preterite hung/hanged (Jur)
Past Participle hung/hanged (Jur)
Preterite had
Past Participle had
Preterite heard
Past Participle heard
Preterite heaved/hove (Naut)
Past Participle heaved/hove (Naut)
hew
Preterite hewed
Past Participle hewn/hewed (US)
Preterite hid
Past Participle hidden/hid
hit
Preterite hit
Past Participle hit
Preterite held
Past Participle held
Preterite hurt
Past Participle hurt
Preterite kept
Past Participle kept
Preterite knelt/kneeled
Past Participle knelt/kneeled
Preterite knew
Past Participle known
Preterite laded
Past Participle laden
lay
Preterite laid
Past Participle laid
Preterite led
Past Participle led
Preterite leaned/leant
Past Participle leaned/leant
Preterite leaped/leapt
Past Participle leaped/leapt
Preterite learned/learnt
Past Participle learned/learnt
Preterite left
Past Participle left
Preterite lent
Past Participle lent
let
Preterite let
Past Participle let
Preterite lay
Past Participle lain
Preterite lied
Past Participle lied
Preterite lit/lighted
Past Participle lit/lighted
Preterite lost
Past Participle lost
Preterite made
Past Participle made
may
Preterite might
Past Participle -
Preterite meant
Past Participle meant
Preterite met
Past Participle met
mow
Preterite mowed
Past Participle mowed/mown
pay
Preterite paid
Past Participle paid
put
Preterite put
Past Participle put
Preterite quit/quitted
Past Participle quit/quitted
Preterite read
Past Participle read
Preterite rent
Past Participle rent
rid
Preterite rid/ridded
Past Participle rid/ridded
Preterite rode
Past Participle ridden
Preterite rang
Past Participle rung
Preterite rose
Past Participle risen
run
Preterite ran
Past Participle run
saw
Preterite sawed
Past Participle sawed/sawn
say
Preterite said
Past Participle said
see
Preterite saw
Past Participle seen
Preterite sought
Past Participle sought
Preterite sold
Past Participle sold
Preterite sent
Past Participle sent
set
Preterite set
Past Participle set
sew
Preterite sewed
Past Participle sewed/sewn
Preterite shook
Past Participle shaken
Preterite shaved
Past Participle shaved/shaven
Preterite sheared
Past Participle sheared/shorn
Preterite shed
Past Participle shed
Preterite shone
Past Participle shone
Preterite shone/shined
Past Participle shone/shined
Preterite shod/shoed
Past Participle shod/shoed
Preterite shot
Past Participle shot
Preterite showed
Past Participle shown/showed
Preterite shrank
Past Participle shrunk
Preterite shut
Past Participle shut
Preterite sang
Past Participle sung
Preterite sank
Past Participle sunk
sit
Preterite sat
Past Participle sat
Preterite slew
Past Participle slain
Preterite slept
Past Participle slept
Preterite slid
Past Participle slid
Preterite slung
Past Participle slung
Preterite slunk
Past Participle slunk
Preterite slit/slitted
Past Participle slit/slitted
Preterite smelled/smelt
Past Participle smelled/smelt
Preterite smote
Past Participle smitten
sow
Preterite sowed
Past Participle sowed/sown
Preterite spoke
Past Participle spoken
Preterite sped/speeded
Past Participle sped/speeded
Preterite spelt/spelled
Past Participle spelt/spelled
Preterite spent
Past Participle spent
Preterite spilt/spilled
Past Participle spilt/spilled
Preterite spun/span
Past Participle spun
Preterite spat
Past Participle spat
Preterite spitted
Past Participle spitted
Preterite split
Past Participle split
Preterite spoiled/spoilt
Past Participle spoiled/spoilt
Preterite spread
Past Participle spread
Preterite sprang
Past Participle sprung
Preterite stood
Past Participle stood
Preterite stove/staved
Past Participle stove/staved
Preterite stole
Past Participle stolen
Preterite stuck
Past Participle stuck
Preterite stung
Past Participle stung
Preterite stank
Past Participle stunk
Preterite strewed
Past Participle strewed/strewn
Preterite strode
Past Participle stridden
Preterite struck
Past Participle struck/stricken (rare)
Preterite strung
Past Participle strung
Preterite strove
Past Participle striven
Preterite swore
Past Participle sworn
Preterite swept
Past Participle swept
Preterite swelled
Past Participle swollen/swelled
Preterite swam
Past Participle swum
Preterite swung
Past Participle swung
Preterite took
Past Participle taken
Preterite taught
Past Participle taught
Preterite tore
Past Participle torn
Preterite told
Past Participle told
Preterite thought
Past Participle thought
Preterite throve/thrived
Past Participle thriven/thrived
Preterite threw
Past Participle thrown
Preterite thrust
Past Participle thrust
Preterite trod
Past Participle trodden
Preterite woke/waked
Past Participle woken/waked
Preterite wore
Past Participle worn
Preterite wove/weaved
Past Participle woven/weaved
Preterite wept
Past Participle wept
win
Preterite won
Past Participle won
Preterite winded/wound
Past Participle winded/wound
Preterite wrung
Past Participle wrung
Preterite wrote
Past Participle written
regular verbs / irregular verbs
English verbs are either regular or irregular.
Most of them are regular and are conjugated according to regular models :
  • The infinitive and present : play, apply, climb

    We play piano
    I apply for a job

  • Present for the third person (adding “-s” or transforming “-y” into “-ies”): plays, applies, climbs

    He plays piano
    My sister likes him

  • The preterite or simple past (adding “-ed” or changing “-y” into “-ied”): played, applied, climbed

    We played piano
    I climbed the mountain

  • The present participle / gerund (adding ”-ing”) : playing, applying, climbing

    We are playing piano
    He is applying for a job

Irregular verbs have specific forms in the preterite and past participle. See the list opposite.
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