Conjugation models | Italian verb conjugator

Conjugate
Toolbox: Models
You will find below a list of models used by the conjugator, to help you recognize which type of conjugation applies to a particular verb.
volgere
volere
Irregular modal verb.
vivere
Irregular simple past, future and participle (io vissi/io vivrò/vissuto). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
vincere
Irregular simple past and participle (io vinsi/vinto). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
vigere
Only used with some tenses.
vestire
Model for some of the 3rd conjugation regular verbs (-ire).
venire
Irregular. Auxiliary: essere. Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
vendere
Model for 2nd conjugation regular verbs (-ere).
vedere
Irregular past simple and future (io vidi/io vedrò), double participle (visto, veduto). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
valere
Irregular. Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
uscire
Irregular present indicative and subjunctive (io esco/che io esca). Auxiliary: essere. Verbs that follow this model: riuscire, fuoriuscire.
urgere
udire
Irregular present indicative and subjunctive (io odo/che io oda).
trarre
Irregular. Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
torcere
Irregular simple past and participle (io torsi/torto). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
tenere
Irregular present, past simple and future (io tengo/io tenni/terrò). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
temere
svellere
Irregular simple past and participle (io svelsi/svelto). Verb following this model: divellere.
studiare
1st conjugation verbs ending in –iare lose the i of the base form (tu studi, noi studiamo). Verbs that follow this model: cambiare, iniziare…
stringere
Irregular simple past and participle (io strinsi/stretto). Verbs that follow this model: costringere, restringere...
stare
Irregular. Auxiliary: essere.
spegnere
Indicativo presente, Irregular simple past and participle (io spengo/io spensi/spento).
spargere
Irregular simple past and participle (io sparsi/sparso). Verb following this model: cospargere.
solere
Irregular modal verb.
seppellire
Double participle (seppellito, sepolto).
sentire
seguire
sedere
Indicativo presente irregolare (io siedo).
secernere
Only used with some tenses.
scuotere
Irregular simple past and participle (io scossi/scosso). Verbs that follow this model: percuotere and riscutere.
scrivere
Irregular simple past and participle (io scrissi/scritto). Verbs that follow this model: the compounds of the verb.
scindere
Irregular simple past and participle (io scissi/scisso). Verbs that follow this model: the compounds of the verb.
scendere
Irregular simple past and participle (io scesi/sceso). Auxiliary: essere or avere.
scegliere
sapere
Irregular modal verb.
salire
Irregular present indicative and subjunctive (io salgo/che io salga). Auxiliary: essere or avere. Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
rompere
Irregular simple past and participle (io ruppi/rotto). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
ristare
rispondere
Irregular simple past and participle (io risposi/risposto). Verbs that follow this model: corrispondere and nascondere.
rimanere
Irregular. Verb following this model: permanere.
riempire
Irregular present indicative and subjunctive (io riempio/che io riempia).
ridere
Irregular simple past and participle (io risi/riso).
ridare
Compound of the verb dare with a spelling irregularity.
riavere
Compound of the verb avere with a spelling irregularity.
redimere
Irregular simple past and participle (io redensi/redento).
redigere
Irregular simple past and participle (io redassi/redatto). Verbs that follow this model: esigere and transigere.
radere
Irregular simple past and participle (io rasi/raso).
punire
prevedere
prendere
Irregular simple past and participle (io presi/preso). Verbs that follow this model: the compounds of the verb, rendere, tendere…
potere
Irregular modal verb.
porre
Irregular. Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
porgere
Irregular simple past and participle (io porsi/porto). Verbs that follow this model: sorgere, sporgere...
piovere
Irregular simple past. Generally used at 3rd
piangere
Irregular simple past and participle (io piansi/pianto). Verbs that follow this model: the compounds of the verb, frangere and its compounds.
piacere
Irregular present indicative, subjunctive and simple past (io piaccio/che io piaccia/io piacqui). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb, tacere, giacere and their compounds. Auxiliary: essere.
persuadere
Irregular simple past and participle (io persuasi/persuaso). Verbs that follow this model: suadere and dissuadere.
perdere
Irregular simple past (io persi) and double participle (perso/perduto). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
pendere
parere
Irregular. Auxiliary: essere.
pagare
offrire
obliare
nuocere
Irregular present indicative, simple past and participle (noi nociamo, voi nocete/io nocqui/nociuto). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
nascere
Irregular simple past and participle (io nacqui/nato). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb. Auxiliary: essere.
muovere
Irregular imperfect, simple past and participle (io movevo/io mossi/mosso). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
morire
Irregular present indicative, subjunctive and participle (io muoio/che io muoia/morto). Auxiliary: essere.
mordere
Irregular simple past and participle (io morsi/morso). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
mettere
Irregular simple past and participle (io misi/messo). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
mescere
Irregular participle (mesciuto).
mangiare
Verbs ending in –giare lose an i at future indicative and present conditional (io mangerò/io mangerei) Verbs that follow this model: appoggiare, forgiare…
locare
This verb requires a spelling modification (tu lochi).
leggere
Irregular simple past and participle (io lessi/letto). Verbs that follow this model: reggere, proteggere...
legare
Verbs ending in –gare require a spelling modification (tu leghi). Verbs that follow this model: negare, sfogare…
lavare
lanciare
inviare
insistere
imbevere
godere
Irregular future (io godrò).
giungere
Irregular simple past and participle (io giunsi/giunto). Auxiliary: essere. Verbs that follow this model: the compounds of the verb, pungere, mungere...
giocare
Verbs ending in –care require a spelling modification (tu giochi). Verbs that follow this model: comunicare, stancare, truccare…
fuggire
friggere
Irregular simple past and participle (io frissi/fritto). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb, sconfiggere.
fondere
Irregular simple past and participle (io fusi/fuso). Verbs that follow this model: all the compounds of the verb.
flettere
Irregular simple past and participle (io flessi/flesso). Verbs that follow this model: the compounds of the verb, connettere, annettere...
finire
Model for most 3rd conjugation regular verbs (-ire), with the -isc-.
fare
Irregular.
evolvere
Irregular simple past (io evolsi).
estrovertere
Only used with some tenses.
essere
Standalone auxiliary. The auxiliary of essere is essere.
esprimere
esplodere
Irregular simple past and participle (io esplosi/esploso). Auxiliary: essere. Verbs that follow this model: rodere and its compounds.
espellere
Irregular simple past and participle (io espulsi/espulso). Verb following this model: repellere.
espandere
Irregular simple past and participle (io espansi/espanso).
esigere
emergere
Irregular simple past and participle (io emersi/emerso). Auxiliary: essere. Verbs that follow this model: immergere, tergere…
eccellere
dovere
Irregular modal verb.
dolere
Irregular present, simple past and participle (io dolgo/io dolsi/doluto).
distruggere
Irregular simple past and participle (io distrussi/distrutto).
distinguere
Irregular simple past and participle (io distinsi/distinto). Verbs that follow this model: compounds and the verb estinguere.
disfare
Compound of the verb fare with a spelling irregularity.
discutere
Irregular simple past and participle (io discussi/discusso). Verbs that follow this model: incutere…
dirigere
Irregular simple past and participle (io diressi/diretto). Verb following this model: erigere.
dire
Irregular.
diligere
Irregular participle (diletto).
devolvere
detergere
delinquere
Only used with some tenses.
decidere
Irregular simple past and participle (io decisi/deciso). Verbs that follow this model: coincidere, incidere…
dare
Irregular.
cuocere
Irregular present, simple past and participle (io cuocio/io cossi/cotto). Auxiliary: essere or avere.
cucire
Irregular present indicative and subjunctive (io cucio/che io cucia).
crescere
Irregular simple past and participle (io crebbi/cresciuto). All the compounds follow this model. Auxiliary: essere or avere.
credere
correre
Irregular simple past and participle (io corsi/corso). All the compounds follow this model.
conoscere
Irregular simple past and participle (io conobbi/conosciuto). All the compounds follow this model.
condurre
Irregular simple past and participle (io condussi/condotto). Verbs that follow this model: tradurre, sedurre...
concedere
Irregular simple past (io concessi) and double participle (concesso/conceduto). Verbs that follow this model: succedere and retrocedere.
comprimere
Irregular simple past and participle (io compressi/compresso). Verbs that follow this model: imprimere, reprimere...
compire
compiere
competere
cominciare
Verbs ending in –ciare lose an i at future indicative and present conditional (io comincerò/io comincerei). Verbs that follow this model: baciare, fasciare, abbracciare…
cogliere
Irregular present, simple past and participle (io colgo/io colsi/colto). Verbs that follow this model: togliere, sciogliere...
cingere
Irregular simple past and participle (io cinsi/cinto). Verbs that follow this model: fingere, spingere...
chiudere
Irregular simple past and participle (io chiusi/chiuso).
chiedere
Irregular simple past and participle (io chiesi/chiesto).
cercare
cadere
Irregular past simple and future (io caddi/io cadrò). Auxiliary: essere.
bere
Irregular.
avere
avellere
Irregular simple past and participle (io avelsi/avelto).
assumere
Irregular simple past and participle (io assunsi/assunto).
assuefare
Compound of the verb fare with a spelling irregularity.
assolvere
Irregular simple past and participle (io assolsi/assolto). Verbs that follow this model: risolvere and dissolvere.
assistere
Irregular participle (assistito). Verbs that follow this model: esistere, insistere…
ascondere
ardere
Irregular simple past and participle (io arsi/arso).
aprire
Irregular participle (aperto). Verbs that follow this model: offrire, coprire…
apparire
Irregular. Verbs that follow this model: comparire, trasparire…
andare
Irregular.
amare
Model for 1st conjugation regular verbs (-are)
affiggere
Irregular. Verbs that follow this model: infiggere, crocefiggere…
adempiere
accendere
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