Italian verb conjugation models

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Conjugate
You will find below a list of models used by the conjugator, to help you recognize which type of conjugation applies to a particular verb.
Verbs following this model:

-gere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io volsi/volto). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-olere

Irregular modal verb

-vere

Irregular in passato remoto, future and participle (io vissi/io vivrò/vissuto). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-cere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io vinsi/vinto). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-ere

Used in several verb tenses only

-ire

Model for some regular verbs of the 3rd conjugation (-ire)

-gere

Irregular. Defective verb lacks the past participle and all compound tenses

-enire

Irregular. Auxiliary verb: essere. Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-ere

Model for regular verbs of the 2nd conjugation (-ere)

-edere

Irregular in passato remoto and future (io vidi/io vedrò), double participle (visto, veduto). Verbs following this model: rivedere, intravedere, all verb derivatives

-lere

Irregular. Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-uscire

Irregular in indicative and subjunctive presents (io esco/che io esca). Auxiliary verb: essere. Verbs following this model: riuscire, fuoriuscire

-udire

Irregular in indicative and subjunctive presents (io odo/che io oda)

-rre

Irregular in indicative and subjunctive presents, passato remoto and participle (io traggo/io trassi/tratto). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-cere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io torsi/torto). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-enere

Irregular in indicative present, passato remoto and participle (io tengo/io tenni/terrò). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-gere

Irregular. Defective verb lacks the passato remoto and the past participle and all compound tenses

-lere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io svelsi/svelto). Verb following this model: divellere

-are

Verbs of the 1st conjugation ending in -iare lose the "i" in stem in some persons (tu studi, noi studiamo). Verbs following this model: cambiare, iniziare…

-ingere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io strinsi/stretto). Verbs following this model: costringere, restringere

-ire

Irregular. Defective verb lacks the past participle and all compound tenses

-are

Irregular. Auxiliary verb: essere

-gnere

Irregular in indicative present, passato remoto and participle (io spengo/io spensi/spento)

-gere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io sparsi/sparso). Verb following this model: cospargere

-dere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io spansi/spanso)

-olere

Irregular modal verb

-pellire

Doble participle (seppellito, sepolto)

-edere

Irregular indicative present (io siedo)

-secernere

Usually used in simple forms and 3rd person

-uotere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io scossi/scosso). Verbs following this model: percuotere e riscuotere

-vere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io scrissi/scritto). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-ndere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io scissi/scisso). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-ndere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io scesi/sceso). Auxiliary verb of intransitive form: essere

-apere

Irregular modal verb

-ire

Irregular in indicative and subjunctive presents (io salgo/che io salga). Auxiliary verb for intransitive form: essere. Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-ompere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io ruppi/rotto). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-ndere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io risposi/risposto). Verb following this model: corrispondere

-nere

Irregular in indicative and subjunctive presents, passato remoto, future and participle (io rimango/che io rimanga/io rimasi/rimarrò/rimasto). Verb following this model: permanere

-ire

Irregular in indicative and conjugative presents (io riempio/che io riempia)

-dere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io risi/riso)

-are

Derivative of the verb dare with spelling irregularity

-avere

Derivative of the verb avere with spelling irregularity

-imere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io redensi/redento)

-dere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io rasi/raso)

-dere

Irregular. Defective verb lacks the past participle and all compound tenses

-edere

Past participle: previsto

-ndere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io presi/preso). Verbs following this model: derivatives of prendere, rendere, tendere...

-rre

Irregular. Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-gere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io porsi/porto). Verbs following this model: sorgere, sporgere

-ere

Irregular. Defective verb lacks the passato remoto and the past participle and all compound tenses

-gere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io piansi/pianto). Verbs following this model: derivatives of piangere, frangere and its derivatives

-ere

Irregular in indicative and subjunctive presents, passato remoto (io piaccio/che io piaccia/io piacqui). Verbs following this model: all derivatives, tacere, giacere and its derivatives. Auxiliary verb: essere

-dere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io persuasi/persuaso). Verbs following this model: suadere e dissuadere

-dere

Irregular in passato remoto (io persi) and has two participle forms (perso/perduto). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-ere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io pendei o pendetti/penduto). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-rere

Irregular. Auxiliary verb: essere

-are

Irregular. Defective verb lacks the passato remoto and the past participle and all compound tenses

-rire

Past participle: offerto. Verbs following this model: soffrire, coprire

-uocere

Irregular verb

-uovere

Irregular in imperfetto, passato remoto and participle (io muovevo o movevo/io mossi/mosso). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-orire

Irregular in indicative and subjunctive presents and participle (io muoio/che io muoia/morto). Auxiliary verb: essere

-dere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io morsi/morso). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-ettere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io misi/messo). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-iare

Verbs ending in -giare lose the "i" in indicative future and conditional present (io mangerò/io mangerei). Verbs following this model: appoggiare, forgiare…

-ere

Used in 3rd person and in several verb tenses

-are

This verb undergoes a spelling change (tu lochi)

-ggere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io lessi/letto). Verbs following this model: reggere, proteggere

-are

Verbs in –gare undergo a spelling change (tu leghi). Verbs following this model: negare, sfogare

-ere

Irregular in future and conditional (io godrò/io godrei). It has two forms in passato remoto (godei o godetti)

-gere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io giunsi/giunto). Auxiliary verb: essere. Verb following this model: sopraggiungere

-are

Verbs in –care undergo a spelling change (tu giochi). Verbs following this model: comunicare, stancare, truccare…

-gere

Irregular. Defective verb lacks the past participle and all compound tenses

-ggere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io frissi/fritto). Verbs following this model: all derivatives of friggere, sconfiggere

-ondere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io fusi/fuso). Verbs following this model: all derivatives

-ttere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io flettei/flesso). Verbs following this model: derivatives of flettere, connettere, annettere

-ire

Model of most regular verbs of the 3rd conjugation (-ire) with group -isc-

-ere

Used in several verb tenses only

-dere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io esplosi/esploso). Auxiliary verb: essere. Verbs following this model: derivatives of esplodere and also rodere and its derivatives

-dere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io espansi/espanso)

-igere

Verb following this model: transigere

-gere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io emersi/emerso). Auxiliary verb: essere. Verbs following this model: immergere, tergere…

-lere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io eccelsi/eccelso). Auxiliary verb: avere or essere

-overe

Irregular modal verb

-olere

Irregular in indicative present, passato remoto and participle (io dolgo/io dolsi/doluto). Auxiliary verb: essere. It is generally used in pronominal form dolersi

-gere

Irregular. Defective verb lacks the past participle and all compound tenses

-ggere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io distrussi/distrutto)

-guere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io distinsi/distinto). Verbs following this model: its derivatives and verb estinguere

-are

Irregular. Defective verb lacks the past participle and all compound tenses

-igere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io diressi/diretto). Verb following this model: erigere

-gere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io conversi/converso). Auxiliary verb: essere. It is rarely used in compound forms

-ere

Not used with compound tenses

-dere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io decisi/deciso). Verbs following this model: coincidere, incidere…

-are

Irregular

-uocere

Irregular in indicative present, passato remoto and participle (io cuocio/io cossi/cotto). Auxiliary verb of intransitive form: essere

-ire

Irregular indicative and subjunctive presents (io cucio/che io cucia)

-scere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io crebbi/cresciuto). All derivatives follow this model. Auxiliary verb of intransitive form: essere

-rere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io corsi/corso). All derivatives follow this model

-scere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io conobbi/conosciuto). All derivatives follow this model

-urre

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io condussi/condotto). Verbs following this model: tradurre, sedurre

-dere

Irregular in passato remoto (io concessi) and has double participle (concesso/conceduto). Verbs following this model: succedere e retrocedere

-iare

Verbs ending in -ciare lose the "i" in indicative future and conditional present (io comincerò/io comincerei). Verbs following this model: baciare, fasciare, abbracciare…

-gliere

Irregular in indicative present, passato remoto and participle (io colgo/io colsi/colto). Verbs following this model: togliere, sciogliere

-gere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io cinsi/cinto). Verbs following this model: fingere, spingere

-dere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io chiusi/chiuso). Verbs following this model: rinchiudere, socchiudere

-dere

Verbs following this model: concedere, succedere

-avere

Auxiliary verb, can be used as non-auxiliary verb as well

-ellere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io avelsi/avelto)

-vere

Irregular in passato remoto and participle (io assolsi/assolto). Verbs following this model: risolvere and dissolvere

-are

Model for regular verbs of the 1st conjugation (-are)

-are

Auxiliary verb: essere. Especially used in simple forms and 3rd person

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