Spanish verb conjugation models

X
Conjugate
You will find below a list of models used by the conjugator, to help you recognize which type of conjugation applies to a particular verb.
Verbs following this model:

-yacer

Verb yacer and its derivatives has multiple conjugation irregularities

-olver

Verb volver, its derivatives and verbs ending in -solver follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -er except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: volver / vuelvo

-olar

Verbs ending in -olar follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: volar / vuela

-ir

Regular verbs ending in -ir

-estir

Verbs ending in -estir follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ir except for alternation in stem "e" -> "i" in imperative, indicative and subjunctive: vestir / viste

-erter

Verb verter and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -er except for alternation "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: verter / vierte

-er

Verb ver has multiple conjugation irregularities

-enir

Verb venir has multiple conjugation irregularities

-cer

Verbs mecer, vencer and its derivatives, verbs ending in -ercer (ex. ejercer) follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -er except for alternation of "c" to "z" before "o" or "a" in 1st person of indicative present (venzo), all persons in subjunctive present (venza, venzas…) and 1st pers. pl. and 3rd pers. sg. and pl. of imperative (venza, venzamos, venzan)

-er

Verb valer and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -er except for alternation "l" -> "lg" in several indicative, subjunctive, imperative forms and alternation "e" -> "d" in all persons of indicative future simple and conditional simple

-ir

Verb usucapir is defective verb which has two foms only (infinitive and past participle)

-ocar

Verbs trocar and enrocar follow the conjugation pattern of verb sacar and also have variants with alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: trocar / troco / trueco

-er

Verb traer and its derivatives has multiple conjugation irregularities

-cir

Verb traducir and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of lucir except for having irregular forms in indicative past simple

-orcer

Verb torcer and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of vencer except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers. sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: torcer / tuerzo

-eñir

Verbs ending in -eñir follow the conjugation pattern of verbs bruñir except for alternation in stem "e" -> "i" in imperative, indicative and subjunctive: teñir / tiñe

-ener

Verb tener has multiple conjugation irregularities

-ender

Verbs ending in -ender following this model and have alternation "e" -> "ie" in several forms: in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: tiende, enciende, hiende, defiende… The verb pretender is regular : pretende

-emplar

Verb templar follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar and also have variants with alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sing. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: templar / templa / tiempla

-emblar

Verbs ending in -temblar with diphtong following the pattern of pensar : piensa / tiembla

-cer

Impersonal verbs following the conjugation model of parecer but in 3rd person only

-er

Verbs which stem ends in "ñ" and "ll" absorb unstressed "i": tañer / tañó, empeller / empelló

-errar

Verb soterrar follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar and also have variants with alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sing. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: soterrar / soterra / sotierra

-ir

Verbs ending in -uir follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for addition of "y" before "a", "e", "o" in stem in imperative, indicative and subjunctive: sostituir / sostituye

-eír

Verbs like sonreír conjugate like reír but have accentuated "o" in 3rd pers., sg. in indicative past simple due to accentuation rules

-oñar

The verbs like soñar follow the regular conjugation model of verbs ending in -ar except for the variation in verb stem "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers. sing. and 3rd pers. pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: soñar / sueña

-onar

Verbs ending in -onar follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: sonar / suena, atronar / atruena, except for personar and its derivatives, malsonar, unisonar, apisonar, arrequesonarse, artesonar. The verbs tronar, retronar, atronar follow this conjugation pattern. The verb tonar and its derivatives are regular: detonar / detona

-oltar

Verb soltar follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: soltar / suelta

-oldar

Verb soldar and its derivatives follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: soldar / suelda

-ilar

Such derivatives of hilar as sobrehilar, rehilar, ahilar follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation of "i" -> "í" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (sobrehílo…) due to accentuation rules

-ervir

Verb servir and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ir except for alternation "e" -> "i" in some indicative, subjunctive, imperative forms and gerund

-errar

Verbs ending in -errar with diphthong following the model of pensar: piensa / sierra except for soterrar, errar that have their own conjugation patterns and aberrar, aferrar, aperrar, berrar, desaferrar, desbecerrar, emperrar that are regular

-ser

Auxiliary verb ser has irregular conjugation

-entir

Verbs ending in -entir follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ir except for alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" and "e" -> "i" in several forms

-entar

Verbs ending in -entar follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ar except for alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative present and subjunctive: sentar / sienta

-embrar

Verbs ending in -embrar follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ar except for alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: sembrar / siembra

-eguir

Verb seguir and its derivatives follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ir except for alternation in stem "e" -> "i" and loss of "u" before "o" and "a": seguir / sigo

-ir

Verb salir and its derivatives have multiple conjugation irregularities

-umar

Such derivatives of humar as sahumar, desahumar, ahumar follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation of "u" -> "ú" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (sahúmo…) due to accentuation rules

-car

Verbs ending in -car follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation "c" -> "qu" before "e" in 1st person of indicative past simple (saqué), all persons in subjunctive present (saque, saques…) and 1st pers. pl., 3rd pers. pl. of imperative (saquemos, saque, saquen)

-aber

Verb saber and its derivatives have multiple conjugation irregularities

-uar

Verb ruar follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar with stress in stem "ú" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sing. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: ruar / rúa

-mper

The verb romper and its obsolete derivatives follow the conjugation pattern of deber except for its past participle which is irregular: roto. The derivatives that are still used have regular participles: corromper / corrompido

-ogar

Verb rogar follows conjugation pattern of llegar except for alternation "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: rogar / ruega

-er

Verbs following this model conjugate like creer but have alternations in some forms: 1st pers. sg. Indicative present (roo / roigo / royo), all persons in subjunctive present and imperative (roa / roiga / roya…)

-odar

Verb rodar and its derivatives follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: rodar / rueda

-olcar

Verb volcar and its derivative revolcar follow the conjugation pattern of verb sacar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: revolcar / revuelca

-untar

All derivatives of untar follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation of "u" -> "ú" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (reúnto…) due to accentuation rules

-unir

Verb reunir follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir but have alternation in stem "u" -> "ú" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sing. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: reunir / reúne

-ar

Verb respailar is defective verb which has two foms only (infinitive and gerund)

-ar

Verb respahilar is defective verb which has two foms only (infinitive and gerund)

-ollar

Verbs ending in -ollar follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: resollar / resuella

-etir

Verbs ending in -etir follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ir except for alternation in stem "e" -> "i" in several forms in imperative, indicative and subjunctive: repetir / repite

-ovar

Verb renovar follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: renovar / renueva

-endir

Verb rendir follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ir except for alternation in stem "e" -> "i" in imperative, indicative present and subjunctive: rendir / rinde

-eír

Verbs reír and freír follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for alternation in stem "e" -> "í" and loss of "i" in certain endings

-usar

Verb rehusar and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation of "u" -> "ú" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (rehúso…) due to accentuation rules

-undir

Verb rehundir follows conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for alternation of "u" -> "ú" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (rehúndo…) due to accentuation rules

-uir

All derivatives of huir follow the conjugation pattern of verb huir except for having accent mark in several forms

-inchir

Verb rehinchir follows conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for alternation of "i" -> "í" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (rehíncho…) due to accentuation rules

-enchir

Verb rehenchir follows conjugation pattern of verb henchir except for alternation of "i" -> "í" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (rehíncho…) due to accentuation rules

-oldar

Verb regoldar follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "üe" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: regoldar / regüelda

-eír

Verbs like refreír conjugate like freír but have accentuated "o" in 3rd pers., sg. in indicative past simple due to accentuation rules

-endar

Verbs ending in -endar with diphthong follow the pattern of pensar (piensa / recomienda)

-ar

Verb raspahilar is defective verb which has two foms only (infinitive and gerund)

-er

Verb raer has multiple conjugation irregularities

-erer

Verb querer and its derivatives have multiple conjugation irregularities

-ebrar

Verbs ending in -quebrar with diphthong follow the pattern of pensar (piensa / quiebra) : verb quebrar and its derivatives

-udrir

Verb pudrir and its derivatives; there is also another acceptable written form of this verb - podrir

-ibir

Verbs prohibir and cohibir follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for alternation of "i" -> "í" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (prohíbo…) due to accentuation rules

-obar

Verb probar and its derivatives follow the regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (probar / prueba)

-er

All derivatives of ver follow this conjugation model and have accent mark in 2nd pers. sing. in imperative

-erir

Verbs ending in -erir follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" and "e" -> "i" in several forms

-ecir

Several derivatives of decir follow this conjugation model having two variants of conjugation in indicative future and conditional tenses

-oner

Verb poner has multiple conjugation irregularities

-odrir

Verb podrir and its derivatives; there is also another acceptable written form of this verb - pudrir

-oder

Verb poder and its derivatives have multiple conjugation irregularities

-oblar

Verbs ending in -oblar follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: poblar / puebla

-acer

Verb placer and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of parecer except for having variants in 3rd pers. sing. in indicative past simple

-erder

Verb perder follows this model and has alternation "e" -> "ie" in several forms: in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: perder / pierde

-ensar

Verbs ending in -ensar with diphthong follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: pensar / piensa

-edir

Verbs ending in -edir follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ir except for alternation in stem "e" -> "i" in imperative, indicative present and subjunctive: pedir / pide

-cer

Verbs ending in -acer (ex. nacer, pacer), -ecer (ex. parecer), -ocer (ex. conocer) except for irregular hacer, satisfacer, placer, yacer, mecer, cocer; and verbs ending in -escer (ex. fosforescer) follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -er except for alternation "c" -> "zc" in 1st pers. sg. in indicative present, all persons of subjunctive present and 1st pers. pl., 3rd pers. in imperative

-oler

Verb oler follows the conjugation pattern of verbs in -oler but has an additional "h" before diphthong "ue": muele but huele

-ír

Verb oír and its derivatives have multiple conjugation irregularities

-ar

Verbs like obstar follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar but have infinitive, gerund, participle and 3rd person forms only

-car

Impersonal verb following the conjugation model of sacar but in 3rd person only: neviscar, ventiscar

-evar

Verb nevar and its derivatives with diphthong follow the pattern of pensar (piensa / nieva)

-egar

Verbs ending in -egar follow the conjugation pattern of verb llegar except for alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: negar / niega

-over

Verb mover and its derivatives follow the regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -er except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (mover / mueve)

-ostrar

Verb mostrar and its derivatives follow the regular conjugation model of verbs ending in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers. sing. and 3rd pers. pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: mostrar / muestra

-orir

Verb morir and its derivatives follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in several forms in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present, alternation in stem "o" -> "u" in several forms and gerund and irregularity in participle

-order

Verb morder and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -er except for alternation "u" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: morder / muerde

-elar

Verb melar, melar and its derivatives with diphthong follow the pattern of pensar (piensa / miela)

-ir

Defective verbs like manir follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ir but only the forms whose ending begins with -i are used

-estar

Verbs ending in -estar with diphthong follow the pattern of pensar (piensa / manifiesta / enhiesta)

-ecir

Verbs maldecir and bendecir follow conjugation pattern of decir except for indicative future simple which is regular and two forms of participle

-cir

Verb lucir and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ir except for alternation "c" -> "zc" in 1st pers. sg. in indicative present, all persons of subjunctive present and 1st pers. pl., 3rd pers. in imperative

-ar

Verbs ending in -gar follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation "g" -> "gu" before "e" in 1st person of indicative past simple (llegué), all persons in subjunctive present (llegue, llegues…) and 1st pers. pl., 3rd pers. pl. of imperative (lleguemos, llegue, lleguen)

-gar

Verb jugar has a variation in stem u - ue in several forms: juego, juegue… Its derivatives follow regular conjugation model: conjugar / conjuga, subjugar / subjuga

-erdar

Verb jamerdar follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ar except for alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: jamerdar / jamierda

-ir

Verb ir has multiple conjugation irregularities

-ertir

Verbs ending in -ertir follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ir except for alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" and "e" -> "i" in several forms

-ír

Regular verbs ending in -ir

-ecir

Verb infecir follows conjugation pattern of esparcir except for alternation of "e" -> "i" in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: infecir / infizo

-ir

Verb huir follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for addition of "y" before "a", "e", "o" in stem in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers. sg. and 3rd pers. pl. in imperative, indicative present and subjunctive: huir / huye

-ervir

Verb hervir and its derivatives follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" and "e" -> "i" in several forms

-endir

Verb hendir follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: hendir / hiende

-enchir

Verbs ending in -enchir follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for alternation in stem "e" -> "i" in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: henchir / hinche

-eder

Verb heder follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -er except for alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: heder / hiede

-acer

Verb hacer and its derivatives; verbs ending in -facer (ex. satisfacer)

-aber

Auxiliary verb haber. Also used as an impersonal verb in 3rd person singular of indicative present tense as "hay"

-iar

Monosyllabic verbs ending in -iar follow conjugation pattern of verb ampliar except for having no written accent in certain conjugation forms

-ernar

Verbs ending in -ernar with diphtong follow the pattern of pensar (piensa / gobierna)

-emir

Verbs ending in -emir follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs except for alternation in stem "e" -> "i" in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: gemir / gime

-uar

Impersonal verb following the model actuar, but in 3rd person sing. only: garuar / garúa

-orzar

Verbs ending in -orzar (except for acorzar, alcolzar, alforzar, escorzar, orzar that do not have vowel stem alternation) follow the regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: forzar / fuerza

-ollar

If the verb follar comes from "fuello", there is alternation "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present; in other meanings it follows conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar

-far

Obsolete verb far conjugates like hacer

-iar

Verbs ending in-iar (except for verbs like ampliar and guiar) follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar and also have variants with alternation in stem "i" -> "í" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sing. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: expatriar / expatria / expatría

-uar

Verbs ending in-cuar (except for anticuar and apropincuar) follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar and also have variants with alternation in stem "u" -> "ú" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sing. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: evacuar / evacua / evacúa

-egar

Verb estregar follows the conjugation pattern of of verb llegar and also have variants with alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: estregar / estriego / estrego

-ar

Auxiliary verb estar has irregular conjugation

-cir

Verbs ending in -cir follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for alternation of "c" to "z" before "o" or "a" in 1st person of indicative present (esparzo), all persons in subjunctive present (esparza, esparzas…) and 1st pers. pl. and 3rd pers. sg. and pl. of imperative (esparza, esparzamos, esparzan)

-bir

Verb escribir and some derivatives follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for irregular form in past participle

-errar

Verb errar follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar and also have variants with addition of "y" before "e" in stem in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: errar / erro / yerro

-erguir

Verb erguir has multiple conjugation irregularities

-inar

Verb enzainar follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar and also have variants with alternation in stem "i" -> "í" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: enzainar / enzaino / enzaíno

-ernar

Verbs envernar and invernar follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar and also have variants with alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: envernar / envierno / enverno

-ortar

Verb entortar follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: entortar / entuerta

-izar

Verbs ending in -aizar and -eizar (except for idoneizar, nucleizar) follow conjugation pattern of verb cazar except for alternation of "i" -> "í" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (enraízo…) due to accentuation rules

-osar

Verb engrosar follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar and also has variants with alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: engrosar / engroso /engrueso

-orar

Verbs ending in -gorar with diphthong follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "üe" after "g" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: engorar / engüera

-ontrar

Verbs ending in -ontrar follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: encontrar / encuentro

-ezar

Verbs ending in -ezar with diphthong follow conjugation pattern of pensar except for alternation of "z" -> "c" before "e" in 1st person of indicative past simple (empecé), all persons in subjunctive present (empiece, empieces…) and 1st pers. pl. and 3rd pers. sg. and pl. of imperative (empiece, empecemos, empiecen)

-cer

Defective verb empecer follows conjugation pattern of parecer but have infinitive and 3rd person forms only

-ular

Verb embaular and its derivatives follow regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation of "u" -> "ú" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (embaúlo…) due to accentuation rules

-ír

Defective verb embaír; only the forms whose ending begins with -i are used

-egir

Verbs ending in -egir follow conjugation pattern of verb dirigir except for alternation "e" -> "i" in some indicative, subjunctive, imperative forms and gerund

-ormir

Verb dormir and its derivatives follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in several forms in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present, alternation in stem "o" -> "u" in several forms and gerund

-oler

Verbs ending in -oler with diphtong "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: moler / muele

-uir

Verbs ending in -guir (except for erguir, seguir and its derivatives) follow this model: alternation "gu" -> "g" before "o" or "a" in 1st person of indicative present (distingo), all persons in subjunctive present (distinga, distingas…) and 1st pers. pl., 3rd pers. pl. of imperative (distingamos, distinga, distingan)

-ernir

Verb cernir and its derivatives follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: cernir / cierne

-gir

Verbs ending in -gir follow this model: alternation "g" -> "j" before "o" or "a" in 1st person of indicative present (dirijo), all persons in subjunctive present (dirija, dirijas…) and 1st pers. pl., 3rd pers. pl. of imperative (dirijamos, dirija, dirijan)

-enir

All derivates of venir follow this conjugation model and have accent mark in 2nd pers. sing. in imperative

-ír

Verb desvaír has multiple conjugation irregularities

-osar

Verb desosar follows the conjugation pattern of verb desengrosar but has an additional "h" before diphthong "ue": desosar / deshuesa

-embrar

Verb desmembrar follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar and also have variants with alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: desmembrar / desmembro / desmiembro

-endrar

Verb deslendrar follows the pattern of pensar (piensa / desliendra)

-erbar

Verbs ending in -erbar with diphthong follow the pattern of pensar (piensa / deshierba) : verbe herbar and its derivatives

-osar

Verbs desengrosar follows the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: desengrosar / desengruesa

-ovar

Verbs desencovar and encovar follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar and also have variants with alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: desencovar / desencovo / desencuevo

-edrar

Verbs ending in -pedrar with diphthong follow the pattern of pensar (piensa / desempiedra)

-ar

Verb desdar devivative of dar follows conjugation pattern of dar but has accent mark in several indicative, subjunctive and imperative forms

-bir

Some derivatives of escribir follow the conjugation pattern of escribir except for having two forms in past participle (form ending in -pto is used in Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay)

-inar

Verbs ending in -inar with hiatus follow regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation of "i" -> "í" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (descafeína…) due to accentuation rules

-orar

Verbs desaforar and encorar follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: desaforar / desafuera

-quir

Verbs ending in -quir follow this model: alternation "qu" -> "c" before "o" or "a" in 1st person of indicative present (delinco), all persons in subjunctive present (delinca, delincas…) and 1st pers. pl., 3rd pers. pl. of imperative (delincamos, delinca, delincan)

-ollar

Verb degollar follow the conjugation pattern of resollar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "üe" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: degollar / degüello

-ecir

Verb decir and some of its derivatives: entredecir, interdecir, desdecir, redecir have multiple conjugation irregularities

-er

Regular verbs ending in -er

-ar

Verb dar has multiple conjugation irregularities

-rir

Several verbs ending in -rir (abrir, cubrir and their derivatives except for desabrir) follow the regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ir with one exception: their past participle ends in -ierto (instead of -ido): cubrir / cubierto, abrir / abierto

-er

Verbs ending in -eer follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -er except for alternation "i" -> "y" in several indicative, subjunctive, imperative forms and "i" -> "í" in gerund

-ír

Verbo irregular derivado de ir

-ener

Verb tener and its derivatives has multiple conjugation irregularities

-ontar

Verb contar and its derivatives follow the regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (contar / cuenta)

-ernir

Verb concernir follows conjugation pattern of discernir but have infinitive, gerund, participle and 3rd person forms only

-ebir

Verbs ending in -ebir follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs ending in -ir except for alternation "e" -> "i" in some indicative, subjunctive, imperative forms and gerund

-enzar

Verbs ending in -enzar with diphthong follow conjugation pattern of pensar except for alternation of "c" -> "z" before "e" in 1st person of indicative past simple (comencé), all persons in subjunctive present (comience, comiences…) and 1st pers. pl. and 3rd pers. sg. and pl. of imperative (comience, comencemos, comiencen)

-olgar

Verbs ending in -olgar (except for resolgar) follow conjugation pattern of verb llegar except for alternation "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: colgar / cuelga

-ger

Verbs ending in -ger follow this model: alternation "g" -> "j" before "o" or "a" in 1st person of indicative present (cojo), all persons in subjunctive present (coja, cojas…) and 1st pers. pl., 3rd pers. pl. of imperative (cojamos, coja, cojan)

-ocer

Verb cocer and its derivatives follow the conjugation pattern of vencer except for alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: cocer / cuece

-ocar

Verbs ending in -ocar with diphthong follow conjugation pattern of verb sacar except for alternation "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: clocar / clueca

-entar

Verbs cimentar, emparentar, regimentar follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar and also have variants with alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: cimentar / cimiento / cimento

-erner

Verb cerner and its derivatives follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -er except for alternation in stem "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: cerner / cierne

-zar

Verbs ending in -zar with follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation of "c" -> "z" before "e" in 1st person of indicative past simple (cacé), all persons in subjunctive present (cace, caces…) and 1st pers. pl. and 3rd pers. sg. and pl. of imperative (cace, cacemos, cacen)

-er

Verb caer and its derivatives has multiple conjugation irregularities

-igar

Verb cabrahigar and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of verb llegar except for alternation of "i" -> "í" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (cabrahígo…) due to accentuation rules

-caber

Verb caber has multiple conjugation irregularities

-ir

Verbs which stem ends in "ñ" and "ll" absorb unstressed "i": bruñir / bruñó, mullir / mulló

-ustar

Verb barahustar follows regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation of "u" -> "ú" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (barahústo…) due to accentuation rules

-ir

Defective verb balbucir follows conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir but does not have 1st pers. sg. of indicative present, all persons of subjunctive present, these forms can be replaced by corresponding forms of balbucear

-uar

Verbs ending in -guar follow regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for the alternation in stem "u" -> "ü" in 3rd pers. sing., 1st and 3rd pers. pl. in imperative, in 1st pers. sing. indicative past simple and in all persons in subjunctive present : averiguar / averigüé

-onzar

Verbs ending in -gonzar follow the conjugation pattern of verb cazar except for alternation in stem "o" -> "üe" after "g" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: avergonzar / avergüenza

-upar

Verb aupar follows regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation of "u" -> "ú" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (aúpo…) due to accentuation rules

-ungar

Verb aungar follows conjugation pattern of verb llegar except for alternation of "u" -> "ú" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (aúngo…) due to accentuation rules

-unar

Verb aunar follows regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation of "u" -> "ú" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (aúno…) due to accentuation rules

-ullar

Verbs aullar and maullar follow regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation of "u" -> "ú" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (aúllo…) due to accentuation rules

-esar

Verbs ending in -esar with diphtong follow the pattern of pensar (piensa / atraviesa)

-illar

Verb traillar and its derivatives follow regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation of "i" -> "í" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (traíllo…) due to accentuation rules

-er

Verb atañer follow conjugation pattern of tañer except for being used only in infinitive, gerund, participle and 3rd person

-olar

Verb asolar and its derrivatives follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar and also have variants with alternation in stem "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: asolar / asolo / asuelo

-ir

Verb asir and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for addition of "g" in 1st pers.sg. in indicative present, all persons in subjunctive present and several forms of imperative

-üir

Verb argüir and its derivatives have multiple conjugation irregularities

-etar

Verbs ending in -etar with diphthong follow the pattern of pensar (piensa / aprieta): verb apretar and its derivatives

-orcar

Verb aporcar and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of verb sacar except for alternation "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: aporcar / apuerca

-oner

All derivates of poner follow this conjugation model and have accent mark in 2nd pers. sing. in imperative

-ar

Verb andar and its derivatives have multiple conjugation irregularities

-iar

Several verbs ending in -iar follow the regular conjugation model of verbs in -ar except for the variation in verb stem "i" -> "í " in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers. sing. and 3rd pers. pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: ampliar / amplío

-ar

Regular verbs ending in -ar

-islar

Verb aislar and its derivatives follow regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation of "i" -> "í" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (aíslo…) due to accentuation rules

-irar

Verb airar and its derivatives follow regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation of "i" -> "í" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (aíro…) due to accentuation rules

-uchar

Verb ahuchar follows regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation of "u" -> "ú" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (ahúcho…) due to accentuation rules

-itar

Verb ahitar and its derivatives follow regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation of "i" -> "í" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (ahíto…) due to accentuation rules

-irmar

Verb ahirmar follows regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation of "i" -> "í" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (ahírmo…) due to accentuation rules

-incar

Verb ahincar follows regular conjugation pattern of verb sacar except for alternation of "i" -> "í" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (ahínco…) due to accentuation rules

-ijar

Verb ahijar and its derivatives follow regular conjugation pattern of verbs in -ar except for alternation of "i" -> "í" in some forms of imperative, indicative and subjunctive present (ahíjo…) due to accentuation rules

-orar

If the verb aforar comes from "foro", it follows conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar but if it comes from "fuero", there is alternation "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present

-rir

Verb adquirir and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ir except for alternation "i" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: adquirir / adquiere

-estrar

Verb adestrar follows conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation "e" -> "ie" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: adestrar / adiestra

-uar

Verbs ending in-uar (except for verbs in -cuar that also have regular conjugation forms, verbs that follow the conjugation pattern of averiguar and apropincuar that is regular) follow the conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar but have alternation in stem "u" -> "ú" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sing. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: actuar / actúa

-ornar

Verb acornar and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: acornar / acuerna

-ordar

Verb acordar and its derivatives follow conjugation pattern of regular verbs in -ar except for alternation "o" -> "ue" in 1st, 2nd, 3rd pers.sg. and 3rd pers.pl. in imperative, indicative and subjunctive present: acordar / acuerda

-ertar

Verbs ending in -ertar with diphthong follow the pattern of pensar (piensa / acierta)

-cer

These defective verbs follow conjugation pattern of parecer but have infinitive, gerund, participle and 3rd person forms only

-eldar

Verbs ending in -eldar with diphthong following the model of pensar (piensa / abielda) : verb beldar and its derivatives

Advertising
Advertising